Research Paper: An empirical model accounting for added turbulence in the wake of a full-scale turbine in realistic tidal stream conditions

Fichiers

An empirical model accounting for added turbulence in the wake of a full-scale turbine in realistic tidal stream conditions.pdf
An empirical model accounting for added turbulence in the wake of a full-scale turbine in realistic tidal stream conditions.pdf

Détails

Auteurs

Kabir Bashir Shariff, Sylvain S.Guillou

Abstract

The increased turbulence behind the turbine induces a fatigue load on the downstream turbine blades. An
accurate estimate of turbulent intensity in turbine wake is paramount to optimizing the placement of turbines
in tidal turbine parks. A simple empirical model is developed using data fitting from numerical simulation
of a non-rotational actuator disc model to estimate the added turbulence in realistic tidal stream conditions
similar to the Alderney Race, with a rotor diameter to depth ratio of 40%. The study shows a self-similar
Gaussian shape streamwise turbulent intensity in a lateral direction similar to the velocity deficit profile. The
turbulent wake radius expands according to a power-law depending on the ambient turbulent intensity. The
added turbulence model justifies that the major turbulence source in the near wake is attributed to the rotor as
it is weakly dependent on the ambient turbulence in the flow. As no known existing empirical model for tidal
turbine wake added turbulence, the model is compared with existing models of unbounded wind turbines. The
proposed model estimates the average turbulence in the far wake can assist turbine placement in a tidal farm.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141118722002619?dgcid=coauthor